Honorable help of the UN’s agreements. The Paris Accord

Honorable chairs, fellow delegate and members of the United Nations, The delegate of USA stronglyargues that the world is in helpless need as the global issue, climate change, has been a catastrophe to theone globe that everyone is living in. The use of fossil fuels and other non-renewable energies, as well asthe emission of greenhouse gases, has been creating environmental problems around the world, such ashabitat loss, sea level rising, sudden changes of climates, and so on. These problems will affect allnations, especially the poorer countries and communities. It is necessary to not only mitigate climatechange, but also invest in the response capacity of all nations in order to prevent further damage. Theinternational efforts have been focusing on dealing with climate change, but have not been as successfulimproving the response capacity of those in need. As the US’s private efforts have been more successful,the US should not ratify the international treaties.The international treaties have achieved some of their targets and goals; however, the overalleffectiveness has not been as great compared to US efforts. The Kyoto Protocol, created in 1992, was oneof the few international treaties able to achieve their target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by4.7%, surpassing it by 7.8%. Despite this fact, the US was still the leading country in carbon emissionreduction. This shows that although the US had not ratified the protocol, it was still able to accomplishmore privately, without the help of the UN’s agreements. The Paris Accord had worse outcomes as theirgoal of reducing the world’s temperature by 2 degrees Celsius was not achieved. Its weak punishments fornot complying with the agreement’s rules caused the countries to place less importance of the currentissue. These targets, which were voluntary, were also vaguely described, with little detail on theprocedure to achieve the goals. The US has been successful mitigating climate change not only by usingand developing renewable energy sources, but also cooperating with other nations and privateorganizations, such as Energy.gov, USAID, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), andInternational Energy Agency (IEA), to secure developing nations’ energy independence. Therefore, if theUS is to join or ratify the international treaties, their targets should be strengthened in order to ensure amore successful outcome.Building response capacity for all countries, especially those in developing nations, has been successfulthrough the efforts led by the United States. Through the US government and organizations, such as thewhite house and USAID, many damaged communities were able to obtain funding for reconstruction witha strengthened response capacity in order to prevent future damages. These efforts not only focus onfinancial aid, but also improve the local health care, food provision, climate change resistant energynetwork, and early warning systems. For instance, between 2010 and 2016, more than 5 million peoplehad access to accurate climate data and weather predictions for preventing environmental risks.International efforts that directly deal with response capacity of local communities have also beensuccessful through non-profit organizations like International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives(ICLEI), now called ICLEI-Local Governments for Sustainability. Their global network of 1500 towns,cities, and communities, throughout 86 countries, help each other by sharing information as well astechnical consulting. However, it must be noted that such organizations are not led by the United Nations.Although the UN does help nations in need of building response capacity through organizations like UNEnvironment, the main goal of the international treaties is solving the larger problem, to mitigate climatechange. Since the UN is not focusing on other issues like building response capacity, the US should notratify these international treaties.In conclusion, as the United States is already successful in mitigating climate change and buildingresponse capacity, they should not join the international efforts led by the United Nations. The targets ofthe international treaties, such as the Kyoto Protocol and Paris Accord, are mainly focused on preventingclimate change. However, other important actions are also required in order to establish an effectivesolution to the environmental issue, such as building response capacity for developing nations that are inmost need.


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