In this research study, a review of therapeutic
ultrasound is presented. The concept of therapeutic ultrasound is investigated with
concentration on basics of ultrasound physics and ultrasound therapy. A
comparison of therapeutic ultrasound and diagnostic ultrasound is offered. Low
intensity and high intensity applications of therapeutic ultrasound is studied.
The research continued with a focus on High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU)
technology. The principle behind this technology and the delivery systems are
introduced. Moreover, the main applications of HIFU included the prostate
ultrasound therapy, MRI guided HIFU (MRgHIFU) ablation of breast cancer and
kidney focused ultrasound therapy are investigated.Ultrasound imaging is one the useful applications of
diagnostic ultrasound. This technique is most commonly used for kidney stones
and diagnosis of the pregnancy. Most recently, researchers could discover the
ultrasound application in therapy referred to as therapeutic ultrasound book.
First Wood and Loomis in 1927 could discover that
ultrasound can interact with tissues leads to some biological changes 3-finish, 4 finish. Following this study, in 1933 the
application of ultrasound therapy in hyperthermic cancer treatment was
introduced 4finish. In 1999, a paper published
4finish that presented various therapeutic applications
of ultrasound. According to this study, tissue heating application of
ultrasound was the first application of ultrasound for example, for treatment of
In 2007, low power and high power ultrasound therapy
was offered in therapeutic applications of ultrasound
2007. Referring to this study, the low power ultrasound therapy
included the physiotherapy, fracture repair, sonophoresis and some other
applications while, the high power application of ultrasound contains the High
Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) and lithotripsy.
In 2013 a paper published Noninvasive
Treatment of Breast that presented the high-intensity focused
ultrasound application in noninvasive breast cancer treatment. In kidney microbubble, targeted microbubbles are
introduced as a novel method for kidney stones treatment.
More recently, in 2015 a thesis published that was a
presentation of the multi-physics computational modelling of focused ultrasound
therapy. Besides this research study, in city
university prostate a 2D MRI compatible robot was designed and
implemented that was applicable for prostate cancer treatment.