The purpose of this report is to evaluate existing parking at Youngstown State University and develop recommendations that can be implemented over the course of the next several years. These recommendations will address campus growth and the specific projects that are either underway or are being planned.
Asphalt Solutions staff gathered information for this report from YSU parking services and other sources:
– Five members of our consulting group traveled to the location.
– Detailed inspections were done of all the parking lots.
– Phone interviews were conducted with YSU parking services and YSU police.
– Sampling of 30 individuals representing students,faculty and staff were interviewed to determine the current parking issue.
All of these sources gave us a solid foundation on which to make a recommendation. We also based our recommendation on consideration of the location, future growth, renovation costs, tax incentives, and personnel implications.
Campus population growth
According to YSU news center, in year 2017, 2,278 students enrolled, a 6 percent increase over 2016 fall semester. This expands to an increase of over 4,000 students in five years, bringing the total number to nearly 15,000. A commensurate increase in staff and faculty is needed to support and teach those extra students. Concurrent expansion of research and athletic events has also significantly increased the number of people travelling to campus on a daily basis. Table 1 shows YSU population from year 2014 to 2017.
Decreased Parking Supply
The parking spaces on campus for faculty, staff and students are divided into categories. Lots designated as Faculty are restricted to faculty/staff parking, 7:00 am-4:30 pm, Monday through Friday. Parking lots and decks designated as Mixed are available to faculty/staff, students and other special parking permits, during all hours of operation. After 4:30 pm and on weekends, Faculty lots become Mixed lots for use with all types of permits. Lots designated with a ‘V’ contain parking meters. The campus parking availability is shown in Table 2 by type of permit designated for the spaces.
We observed that the parking areas of Wood Street (M-50 & F-45) and M-53 of W.Rayen Avenue are essentially full at peak times on a typical weekday (Figure 1). The available parking remaining consists of reserved, metered, or handicapped spaces. Parking occupancy begins to decrease at Elm Street, but remains at 70 percent or more in most areas.The only sizable parking area with low occupancy percentage is M-90 parking near Cafaro House.
Current Campus Development Plans
The campus development plan includes new projects that will affect parking on campus. The most significant impact is that these new facilities are to be constructed on the site of existing parking lots in the core campus area. Several projects in progress affected the total number of parking spaces at the time of this study. A portion of M-70 (Fifth Avenue) is closed for the construction. F-40 parking lot between Rayen and Lincoln Avenue was removed for Enclave student apartments and retail development.
The data and feedback demonstrate the need for additional parking in certain areas of campus, especially during events. While campus continues to expand, and new buildings are constructed in current parking lots, it is becoming increasingly difficult for the campus community to find parking easily or conveniently. The shifting of individuals to the new buildings will intensify this issue.