The sugar and instated custom officials to enforce tax

The American Colonists were right to feel that Britain’s actions in passing the tax acts was unacceptable and unfair. From the late 1600s through the late 1700s, Great Britain passed various tax acts which upset the American Colonists greatly. One such act was the sugar act,which raised taxes on sugar and instated custom officials to enforce tax collection in the colonies. After that came the Stamp Act, which placed a tax on all printed papers, “every advertisement to be contained in any gazette, news paper, or any other paper”. Finally, and most resisted, the Townshend Acts were passed by parliament, putting many angry colonists over the edge of civility and into rebellion. Colonists in America felt that these tax acts were unfair, and cited them as “taxation without representation”.The sugar Act was the first act passed by Parliament, and many colonists opposed it greatly. The tax lowered taxes on molasses, but raised taxes on sugar. It also put in place various courts and customs officials to enforce tax payment in the colonies. George Grenville, the British official who thought of the act, believed that the colonies should help pay off some of Britain’s debt. After all, he claimed, Britain had been protecting the colonies from French and Native aggressors during the war, and for nothing in return. The colonists disagreed, calling into question Parliament’s authority to tax them without any representation. According to the British Bill of Rights, all citizens had the right to representation before Parliament if there was a tax in debate. The colonists had none, even though they were considered British citizens. Another problem was the colonies’ own debt, accrued over the course of the French and Indian war. Now they were being asked to pay off their debt as well as that of Britain. The Sugar Act was upsetting to many in the colonies, and rightly so, as it called into question the respect of Parliament for its own citizens in the colonies.The second tax act passed by Parliament, the Stamp Act, was met with extreme opposition in the colonies, who called it “unjust and an affront to liberty”. It placed direct taxes on all printed goods in the form of stamps, to be distributed by officials from Britain. Newspapers were rapidly increasing in popularity at the time, and so this act was greatly upsetting to many colonists, and especially the printers themselves. Because of the importance of newspapers in the colonies, the act was viewed by many as a conspiracy put on by Parliament to strip the colonies of their rights. They thought this because the tax would serve to suppress the growing printing economy in the colonies. The term “taxation without representation” was often used. Once again, Parliament had passed a tax law without the consent of the colonies. It was called “an affront to liberty” by many. This was worrying to the colonists, because once again Parliament had executed complete authority over the colonies. What else could they do? The stamp Act seriously eroded the tenuous trust that the colonies and Britain had managed to maintain until then.The third and final tax act passed by parliament was actually a collection of 5 smaller acts, which outraged the colonists enough to send them into full on rebellion against the crown. These acts were called the Townshend Acts collectively, named after the man who conceived of them, Charles Townshend. He sought to show the colonists Parliament’s power


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